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Eliezer Herszauge

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Eliezer Herszauge
Eliezer Herszauge
Portrait of Eliezer Hirschauge, Polish-Jewish Anarchist activist, publisher and journalist
Born 1911
Warsaw
Died May 8, 1954
Tel Aviv

'Eliezer Herszauge (Yiddish אליעזר הירשאַוגע, English Eliezer Hirschauge), pseud. Goral, born 1911 in Warsaw, died May 8 1954 in Tel Aviv e) - Polish and Jewish anarchist activist, book and newspaper publisher, columnist, author of memoirs-History of the anarchist movement in Poland [1]

[edit] Biography

In the second half of the 30s, he promoted anarchist ideas among the Wikipedia:Hassidic youth in Warsaw,[2] lived as an anarchist and published papers on the left wing of social thought. His articles were published in newspapers in Poland, Germany, England, France, USA and Japan. He spent the years 1939-1945 in the Soviet Union, along with the stream of Polish Jewish refugees. In 1947 he emigrated to Israel, where he was an driving force behind the anarchist movement emerging among European Jewish survivors of the the Holocaust.[2][3]. He known in Tel Aviv anarchist circles as the founder and editor of anarcho-syndicalist newspaper De'ot "(" Opinions ")[4] From the end of the 40s, he regularly published in an influential New York anarchist journal, 'Fray Arbeyter Shtime ", and in Paris," Der Fray gedanke"[3]. In 1951, in Tel Aviv, he published under the pseudonym A. Goral[4], in an anarchist review of philosophical and literary essays. He developed an interest in anarchism's spiritual roots and in classical Jewish and contemporary Yiddish literature, and regularly corresponded with Yiddish anarchist publications in New York (Freie Arbeiter Stimme) and Buenos Aires (Dos Freie Wort). He issued a booklet dedicated to Kropotkin on the thirtieth anniversary of his death.[5] He was friends with the famous anarchist and Yiddish activist Isaac Nachman Steinberg and writer, essayist,and psychologist, Israel Rubin, both sympathetic to the idea of Anarcho-Zionism.[3] He and his wife Dinah Herszauge, activist and organizer of an anarchist library in Tel Aviv, had two children.[3]

[edit] Impact

Despite the implications of his work for the anarchist movement in Israel, and although he is the author of the only monograph of the anarchist movement in interwar Poland, Herszauge is now a completely forgotten figure. Even among the oldest members of the Writers and Journalists, Eliezer's name is unknown, and his memoirs are not available in Israeli and Polish libraries.[3]

[edit] Citations

  1. Eliezer Hirschauge (1953). Troym in farvirklekhung: zikhroynes fartseykhenungen bamerkungen vegn un der anarkhistisher bavegung in Poyln / Dream in its Realization: The Anarchist movement of Poland, memories and comments (in YI), Tel Aviv: D. Huzarska-Hirschauge.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Uri Gordon (2009). Anarchism in Palestine and Israel.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Moshe Gonczarok. Anarchism in Izrailje "Problemen".
  4. 4.0 4.1 Dinah and Eliezer Hirschauge (1964). "Eliezer Hirshauge: (1911 - 1954): Tsenter yortsayt" Troym in farvirklekhung: zikhroynes fartseykhenungen bamerkungen vegn un der anarkhistisher bavegung in Poyln / Dream in its Realization: The Anarchist movement of Poland, memories and comments (in YI).
  5. A. Goral. Peter Kropotkin : toledotav, reayonotav, sefarav: sheloshim shanah le-moto (1921-1951), El.
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