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It was also a good year for peace, apparently
The ONLY year, after 1945, in which the US did NOT instigate military conflicts, coups, assassinations, war crimes, and/or create secret organizations, operations, or military doctrines leading to them, according to the admittedly unexhaustive list at List of military interventions by the US :
1977


Anarchopedia:Article in the news archive • • Pretenders to the Ottoman Dynasty • • 2011 Egyptian media censorship • • 2011 USA intervention in Haitian elections • • Operation Avenge Assange • • Killing the drug fields: Paraquat poisoning from Operation Intercept to present • • Venesat-1


[edit] Drop weapon

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Drop weapon (2nd nomination)

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A drop weapon is a weapon carried by a soldier for the purpose of creating false evidence (WP), placing it on or near a slain individual to make that person appear to be an enemy combatant or insurgent. Alternatively, a drop weapon or other item is left in the open; any individual who picks it up may be fired upon; a process known as baiting.[1]

The use of drop weapons has been the cause of some controversy in the Iraq War.[2][3]

Baiting is a similar procedure, in that the perpetrator leaves items on the ground, but it has far different ramifications. Items are left for people in the area to find and pick up; doing so is considered evidence of insurgency. This is despite there being a multitude of reasons for them to do so,[4] including simple curiousity and importantly, the desire to AVOID being branded as insurgents because of damning evidence left outside their houses. Rather than falsification of evidence, baiting creates the danger of legal entrapment (WP) for the perpetrator, and thus illegal killing of the victim. According to documents quoted by the Washington Post,[5] the U.S. military's Asymmetric Warfare Group (WP) encouraged snipers to drop items "such as detonation cords, plastic explosives and ammunition"[1] then kill Iraqis who handled the items.[1][2]

In one incident United States Army (WP) Sgt. Evan Vela was sentenced to a 10 year prison term for murder after being convicted of murdering an unarmed Iraqi and planting evidence.[6]

"Baiting is putting an object out there that we know they will use, with the intention of destroying the enemy...Basically, we would put an item out there and watch it. If someone found the item, picked it up and attempted to leave with the item, we would engage the individual as I saw this as a sign they would use the item against U.S. Forces." - Capt. Matthew P. Didier, the leader of an elite sniper scout platoon attached to the 1st Battalion of the 501st Infantry Regiment, in a sworn statement. Josh White and Joshua Partlow, Washington Post Staff Writers, Monday, September 24, 2007 , in the Washington Post[1]

The Asymmetric Warfare Group is said by Captain Didier to have sent boxes of the kind normally used to hold ammunition filled with "drop items" to his unit, the 1st Battalion 501st Infantry Regiment in order "to disrupt the AIF [Anti-Iraq Forces] attempts at harming coalition forces and give us the upper hand in a fight."[1][7]

The Independent newspaper quoted a spokesperson for the US military as saying: "We don't discuss specific methods of targeting enemy combatants. The accused are charged with murder and wrongfully placing weapons on the remains of Iraqi nationals. There are no classified programmes that authorise the murder of local nationals and the use of 'drop weapons' to make killings appear legally justified."[7]

Iraq, 27 April, 2007

Spec. Jorge Sandoval, it was found by a military court, shot an Iraqi man, who was cutting grass with a rusty sickle, on the order of Staff Sgt. Michael Hensley. The two men then placed a spool of wire into the pocket of the dead man.[1] Hensley and Sandoval were charged with murder, of which they were acquitted and with planting evidence, of which they were found guilty.[6]

May 11th, 2007

In the village of Jurf as Sakhr along the Euphrates River most of the sniper team chose an area to hide and sleep in. One of the members of the unit, Staff Sgt. Michael Hensley stayed on guard. While on his guard he witnessed an Iraqi man, Genei Nesir Khudair Al-Janabi,[6] slowing creeping towards the hide area where the other snipers were sleeping. At this point he put in a call to then-first-lieutenant Matthew P. Didier, for permission to make a "close kill". The request was authorized on a "as needed" basis. Hensley again ordered another man, Sgt. Evan Vela, to make the kill, and several minutes later Didier received word from of the kill from Hensley.

In court documents Hensley is quoted as saying "I thought that he was trying to alert insurgents," Hensley said. "I felt like I had no choice or we would be further compromised."[6]

Jorge Sandoval and Evan Vela were charged with murder, and the two men plus Hensley were charged with planting an AK47 on the body of Al-Janabi. Sandoval was acquitted of murder. Sandoval, Vela and Hensley were convicted of planting evidence,[6] and Evan Vela was convicted of murder.

The defense claimed two somewhat contradictory justifications: one, Vela was sleep-deprived, and did not mean to kill, and two, that he was ordered to by Hensley, and was only carrying out orders.[6]

[edit] Micronation diplomacy

Pretenders and micronations are a fascinating subject, because in their impotence, they lay bare the lack of any real power that states have. All is in the mind of the governors or the governed, or Guns or Butter (WP)

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Interactions between micronations

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One of the first micronations (WP) to be established, in 1865, was the Kingdom of Redonda, on a Caribbean island; there are hundreds more today.[8] Many micronations have diplomatic relations with other micronations; inasmuch as no macronation, or undisputed country, will recognize a micronation, their diplomatic relations are usually limited to other micronations.[9] However, micronations often make pronouncements with respect to nations, or declare policy with respect to nations, some more substantial[8][9] than the common micronation declaration that they 'give gifts' to nearby or encompassing nations rather than pay taxes.[8][9][10] According to the declarative theory of statehood of the Montevideo Convention, countries need population, territory, government, and diplomacy to be considered sovereign.[11][12] Many micronations will not recognise less serious micronations than themselves.[13] While micronational diplomacy usually consists of friendly contact between micronations,[9] some micronations, such as the Principality of Seborga and the Madison Kingdom of Talossa,[14] refuse to recognise any micronation as an unofficial or official policy. The reverse is also true; the Hutt River Principality is visited by officials of the Australian government, despite its unrecognized status.[9]

In at least three instances, the foundation of a micronation was a protest against the laws or administration of the nearby macronation.[10][8][15] The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands (WP) was founded in response to Australia's ban on gay marriage.[8][16][17]The Mittagong, New South Wales city council decided to divert construction of a sewer line, after the Principality of Dubeldeka was formed, to the outskirts of its property;[8] the founders of the micronation claim that the hotel they planned to restore would have been destroyed by the original course of pipelaying.[8] The Principality of Wy decided being part of a local council that denied them road access was not worth it, and seceded in 2004.[10] The NSK micronation opposes the very concept of nations,[18][19] and Cyber Yugoslavia is critical of Yugoslavian nationalism.[18]

The dissolution of the Soviet Union created areas that were no longer parts of the former USSR (WP) or Russia (WP), nor established states; micronations whose sovereignty and relationship to other countries was unclear, yet whose national borders and ethnic constituency still had precedence in history.[20]

The largest intermicronational organisation in micronational history is the Organisation of Active Micronations (OAM),[21] which boasts over 80 member nations.[22] The League of Small Nations (LSN), modelled after the League of Nations (WP), consists of the Dominion of British West Florida, the Sovereign Barony of Caux, the Grand Duchy of Greifenberg and the Republic of Molossia.[23] There are also intermicronational organisations that are reputable, while accepting nations and micronations that do not necessarily meet all of the Montevideo Convention requirements for a state, such as the Micronational Professional Registry (MPR)[24] and the League of Secessionist States (LoSS)[25] The United Micronations Multi-Oceanic Archipelago (UMMOA) claims recognition from an organization in Italy by the name of International Parliament for Safety and Peace.[26]

The continent of Australia swells the number of micronations considerably;[8][9][10] micronations there attend to diplomatic business at micronation conferences,[8] including the April 2010 PoliNation conference on an island just off the coast of Sydney, Australia.[17][27]

Ambassadors to other micronations tend to visit, rather than live in them, or conduct diplomacy at a distance.[9] Ambassadors can be assigned to macronations (most commonly to the macronation that surrounds a micronation), but are never recognised as ambassadors by the macronation. The definition of state visit remains the same for micronations as larger ones. Grand Duke Paul of Greifenberg made a state visit to President Kevin Baugh of Molossia on April 21, 2008, where they talked about micronationalism.[28] On May 23, 2008, Grand Duke Paul visited Baron John I of the Barony of Caux.[29] From June 27–30, 2008, Prince Christopher and Princess Erin of Vikesland visited Molossia. During the visit, they engaged in joint military and rocket projects.[30] All of these state visits were between members of the League of Small Nations.

Micronations typically use definitions of embassies and ambassadors loosely. Lovely,[31] for example, declares any location its flag is displayed to be an embassy. Some will declare just about any location to be an embassy, including a webpage. Some micronations consist purely as embassies. The citizens of Atlantia, a micronation on the Australian continent, all claim dual citizenship, both Australian and Atlantian.[8]

Micronational war (WP) is usually done jokingly. For instance, micronations, such as the Conch Republic,[32] and the Hutt River Province[33] in 1977,[8] have declared war on the macronations that surround them.[9] Macronations generally ignore this. Wars may be declared between micronation; Molossia helped to create another micronation, Mustachistan, and after a territorial dispute went to war with it.[34] Molossia also declared a never-ending war on East Germany (WP), which it claims still exists, on Ernst Thälmann Island.[35] Slightly more serious incidents include Sealand, off the coast of England, whose territory is an island that was a military base during World War II base, that once fired warning shots when a British Navy boat came close to shore,[8] and 'civil wars' in which citizens of a micronation declare war on it, hacking into its website to crash it.[18]


[edit] References


[edit] The lie of WMDs in Iraq admitted

The USA retains over 10,000 nuclear warheads, down from a Cold War average of 20,000

Eight years ago, Colin Powell, on behalf of the Bush administration, set the USA, with its nuclear arsenal still at half its Cold War level, on a course for war with Iraq, with a cry of WMDs! OMG! The administration bulldozed their way past Intelligence agencies that decried their evidence as faulty, but Powell's and later Bush's 16 words speeches went on as planned. With the war, the fabrication of the war, and the aftermath of the war, there was much to obscure the fact that one of the reasons for the Bush administration's success in pulling a war out of a hat was that they had the pretext of a real person, albeit unreliable as a source, who was behind the story as they told it. Now, the source of the information, codenamed Curveball, has come clean.[36]

"Key Bush Admin "Source" Admits to Lying about Iraqi WMD"

File:WMD world map.svg
Weapons of mass destruction are nuclear, biological, or chemical
An Iraqi defector whose claims were used to help build the case for the U.S. invasion of Iraq has admitted for the first time that he lied. In an interview with The Guardian of London, Rafid Ahmed Alwan al-Janabi—codenamed "Curveball"—says he fabricated tales of mobile biological weapons laboratories and other secret sites under Saddam Hussein. Janabi says he was hoping to topple Saddam Hussein’s government and was "shocked" when his claims were cited in then-U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell’s infamous address to the United Nations eight years ago. Top Bush administration officials insisted on highlighting Janabi’s claims despite widespread doubts amongst U.S. intelligence.[36] - Headlines for February 16, 2011, Democracy Now!
Satirical graphic made in reaction to the internet blackout in Egypt

This shows a different side to the plausible deniability tactic, and a double standard for the reliability of information: providing just enough information to silence dissenters makes information reliable for allies and supporters, where just enough doubt for allies and supporters makes dissenters' information unreliable.

[edit] 2011 Egyptian media censorship

The Hacktivism (WP) group Anonymous (WP) displayed the altruistic side of direct action for the uninitiated, with low-tech faxes, to update Egyptians behind the information 'Iron Curtain'[37] during the January 2011 internet block in Egypt.[37]

[edit] 2011 USA intervention in Haitian elections

File:Haiti Election Vote Recount (Percent of Registered Voters).png
75% of voters are reported to have stayed away from the April 2011 runoff elections. The 71% of Haitians who did not vote in the November 2010 elections was one of the reasons for the runoff and ousting of Celestin by the USA
File:Michel Martelly Poster.JPG
'Sweet Micky' poster, 23 November 2010

In 2009, the Fanmi Lavalas party, closest to Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was forbidden participation in Haiti's November '10 elections by the provisional election council created by the current president, Rene Praval. Under cover of the Egyptian protests, the US, to the orchestrated swell of allegations of voter fraud as a pretext for runoff elections, pressured Haiti to remove Jude Celestin, the candidate least affiliated with right-wing Haitian government, US-backed Haitian governments, Haitian dictators, or all three, after the election was criticized as unfair. The US also pressured Haiti to add Michel Martelly to the ballot, to face Mirlande Manigat in the revised election.[38]
Election fraud debunked; voter boycott proved
Michelle Martelly won the subsequent runoff election, that was also "marred by problems". The fact that 71% of Haitians stayed away from an election without Lavalas was used to justify the runoff election and give credence to the claims of voter fraud by Celestin. But at the runoff election itself, the turnout was even lower; 25% instead of 29%.[38] The recent voter turnouts are a slump back to pre-Aristide levels; 60% or more of Haitians voted in all the elections in which Jean-Bertrand Aristide or his Lavalas party were on the ballot.[39][40][41][42]

Michel Martelly, 'popularly known as' "Sweet Micky" — a moniker sometimes used interchangeably to refer to himself as well as his band — is a Haitian performing and recording artist, composer,[43] and musical sociopolitical activist, who breaks the expected lefty mold of American and British entertainers with his well-hidden support for the Duvalier regime.[44] Between the time of the 1991 coup d'état and the return of Jean-Bertrand Aristide in 1994, he also supported the government of disbanded Haitian military and pro-US forces that deposed Aristide and took power.[44][45] He ran on a platform of nothing much in particular, being described as a joke candidate by many reports. However, he claimed nepotism and voter fraud by Celestin, as did Mirlande Manigat.

[edit] Coalition to Save the Preserves

Coalition to Save the Preserves was a name chosen in 2002 by Mark Sands to cover up his arson of a building that he did not want in his area by portraying it as Propaganda of the deed (or more specifically, 'eco-terrorism').[46]

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Coalition to Save Preserves

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The fact that Sands had been perpetrating a hoax, however dangerous a hoax, never seemed to fully sink into the minds of some US. security agency employees, and most likely others decided it would be expedient to ignore this fact, and they have issued numerous lists of terrorists with the CtStP included:

Understandably, Sands' Not In My Back Yard (NIMBY) activity was something of a threat to real direct action (WP) advocates, and Earth First! (WP), with considerably fewer resources than the FBI or the later security agencies, was at the time, at pains to point out that it was not responsible for his activity[49]


Anarchopedia:Article in the news archive • • Pretenders to the Ottoman Dynasty • • 2011 Egyptian media censorship • • 2011 USA intervention in Haitian elections • • Operation Avenge Assange • • Killing the drug fields: Paraquat poisoning from Operation Intercept to present • • Venesat-1


[edit] Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 U.S. Aims To Lure Insurgents With 'Bait'
  2. 2.0 2.1 U.S. Snipers Accused of 'Baiting' Iraqis, Pauline Jelinek and Robert Burns, The Associated Press, Tuesday, September 25, 2007
  3. Stark writes to Defense Secretary Gates to express alarm at military "Baiting" of Iraqis
  4. Snipers Baited and Killed Iraqis, Soldiers Testify, Paul von Zielbauer, New York Times, September 25, 2007
  5. U.S. Army Snipers Accused of 'Baiting' Iraqi Insurgents Published September 25, 2007 "sworn statements and testimony in the cases of two other accused Ranger snipers indicate that the Army has a classified program that encourages snipers to "bait" potential targets and then kill whoever takes the bait", "The transcript of a court hearing for two of the three accused snipers makes several references to the existence of a classified "baiting" program"
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Murder or Exhaustion in Iraq?, Time
  7. 7.0 7.1 Weapons left by US troops 'used as bait to kill Iraqis', Kim Sengupta, Baghdad, Tuesday 25 September 2007
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 Fed up with your country? Create your own!, Kristen Gelineau, Associated Press, May 2, 2010. Seattle Times
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Rewards for Rebellion: Tiny Nation and Crown for Life Hutt River Journal, New York Times, page 1 & 2. Norimitsu Onishi, February 1, 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 A nation to call their own; Talek Harris,AFP, in the Washington Times, July 25, 2010, pages 1-3. Also printed in Australia hosts independent micronations, China Post, pages 1&2
  11. Montevideo Convention Wikisource, can also be seen at Mt. Holyoak education database
  12. Our Sovereignty Republic of Molossia. Molossia'a statement on sovereignty, molossia.org
  13. Micronational diplomacy
  14. The Kingdom of Talossa
  15. We Could Have Invited Everyone; Art in Review. Roberta Smith, July 15, 2005 New York Times
  16. "Mini-states Down Under are sure they can secede", by Nick Squires, The Daily Telegraph (UK), 2005 February 24
  17. 17.0 17.1 "If at first you don't secede...", by Mark Dapin, The Sydney Morning Herald - Good Weekend, 2005 February 12, pp 47-50
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Utopian Rulers, and Spoofs, Stake Out Territory Online; Stephen Mimh, May 25, 2000. New York Times
  19. New York Times, 25th May 2000; "The NSK state denies in its fundamental acts the categories of fixed territory, the principle of national borders, and advocates the law of transnationality." Utopian Rulers...
  20. Fate of Soviet 'Little Nations' at risk as union disintegrates Miami Herald - November 21, 1991. "Most of the "micronations" are the remnants of Slavic and Turkic tribes that once roamed what is now the Soviet Union. Some are descendants of fiefdoms"
  21. Organisation of Active Micronations
  22. Member Nations Organisation of Active Micronations
  23. Member Nations League of Small Nations
  24. Micronational Professional Registry (MPR)
  25. LoSS: League of Secessionist States
  26. United Micronations Multi-Oceanic Archipelago (UMMOA): UMMOA/AMOMU
  27. Micronations Life Matters, Past Programs, Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  28. Greifenberg State Visit, 22 April 2008, XXXI Khamsin Molossia News
  29. Leaders of Greifenberg and Barony of Caux Meet, Tuesday, 27 May 2008, Greifenberg Press Agency (GPA)
  30. Vikesland State Visit, 30 June 2008, XXXI Khamsin Molossia News
  31. How to Start Your Own Country, YouTube
  32. 'Lonely Planet' Explores Micronations; Lonely Planet, November 1, 2006, National Public Radio
  33. (2008). Principality of Hutt River - Official website. URL accessed on 2011-3-29.
  34. Molossian 'war' with Mustachistan
  35. Molossian 'war' on East Germany
  36. 36.0 36.1 Key Bush Admin "Source" Admits to Lying about Iraqi WMD, Headlines for February 16, 2011, Democracy Now!
  37. 37.0 37.1 Security1871Share13diggsdigg73inShareAmid Digital Blackout, Anonymous Mass-Faxes WikiLeaks Cables To Egypt 28 Jan '11, Andy Greenberg, The Firewall
  38. 38.0 38.1 Michel Martelly Wins Haiti Presidential Election Democracy Now!, 5th April 2011
  39. Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti (in English)
  40. Anatomy of an official lie; Chez-nous, Dick Bernard, March 3, 2006
  41. Elections held in 2000 Haiti Parliamentary Chamber: Sénat
  42. Last elections Haiti. Chambre des Députés (Chamber of Deputies)
  43. "His Music Rules in Haiti: Sweet Micky's provocative music moves Haitians with an infectious beat and political overtones" Miami New Times, Elise Ackerman, May 29, 1997
  44. 44.0 44.1 Michel Martelly, Stealth Duvalierist The Dominion, news from the grassroots, 16 Dec, '10
  45. Michel Martelly, de la chanson à l'élection, Kahina Sakkai, Paris Match, Feb 04, 2011
  46. Trumped-Up Eco-Terrorism: An Arsonist's Tale JAMES HIBBERD, New York Times, 12 February, 2002
  47. A Homeland Security Model for Assessing US Domestic Threats Shawn Cupp and Michael G. Spight, PDF
  48. Coalition to Save the Preserves (CSP) Terrorist Organization Profile, National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (WP)
  49. Earth First! Journal
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